In a permaculture design, zone 2 refers to the area that is slightly further out from the center of the design, or zone 1. This zone is typically reserved for elements that require less frequent attention and care than those in zone 1, but are still used on a regular basis.

Examples of elements that might be placed in zone 2 include perennial vegetables, berries, small fruit trees, and small animal housing that requires less frequent attention. This zone may also include larger fruit trees and other perennial crops that require less frequent care, such as pruning and watering.

Like elements in zone 1, those in zone 2 should be easy to access and require frequent care, but not as often as those in zone 1. They should also be located close to the home or other main living areas, as they will be used on a regular basis.

From plans to build - a Kontiki kiln for charcoal making

In order to close the loop of my biogas systems outputs I thought of a mixture of shit, piss, effluent and charcoal some years ago. The only missing component was until recently the charcoal. Charcoal making is an art on its own, especially if…

Catching the rain

At Beyond Buckthorns we have our own well. It is 12 – 13 meters deep and is connected to a pump that starts when there is demand. Well water is our drinking and washing water. In 2017 we got hit by 2 droughts. Both together made it necessary to… more