When Lumia and I moved to Finland in 2016 we started observing right away. We discovered micro climates, areas where edible fungi grew, natural trees nurseries, etc. We also noticed one particular area. An area that somehow seemed out of context…
In a permaculture design, zone 3 refers to the area that is further out from the center of the design, or zones 1 and 2. This zone is typically reserved for elements that require less frequent attention and care than those in the inner zones, but are still used on a regular basis.
Examples of elements that might be placed in zone 3 include larger fruit trees, nut trees, and other perennial crops that require less frequent care, such as pruning and watering. This zone may also include larger animal housing and infrastructure elements, such as greenhouses and tool sheds.
Elements in zone 3 should be located in an area that is still relatively easy to access, but may require some additional effort to reach, such as a longer walk or a short drive. They should also require less frequent care than those in the inner zones.
The placement of elements in zone 3 is based on the frequency of use and the level of human care required. By placing elements in the appropriate zone, a permaculture design can be more efficient and self-sustaining.